Home About us Editorial board Search Ahead of print Current issue Archives Submit article Instructions Contacts Login 
Home Print this page Email this page Users Online: 55

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 74-80

Are dental and periapical status related to incidental findings of calcifications along the course of the internal carotid artery in cone-beam computed tomography?


1 Department of Surgery and Orthopedics, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
2 Department of Conservative Dentistry, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
3 Department of Oral Radiology, Academic Centre for Dentistry Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Department of Oral Diagnosis and Radiology, School of Dentistry, National and Kapodistrian University, Athens, Greece

Correspondence Address:
Prof. Heraldo Luis Dias Da Silveira
Department of Surgery and Orthopedics, School of Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande Do Sul, 2492 Ramiro Barcelos St., 90035 003, Porto Alegre
Brazil
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jomr.jomr_30_17

Rights and Permissions

Context: Given that tooth loss, periapical lesion, and manifestations of periodontal disease are generally related to previous inflammatory events and that a linear relationship exists between tooth loss and degree of arterial stiffness, reasonable ground exists to investigate whether there is an association with presence of calcifications along the course of the internal carotid artery (ICA). Aims: This study aims to determine whether an association exists between the extra- and intracranial calcifications of the internal carotid artery (ExCICA and InCICA, respectively) and missing teeth (MT) as well as the periapical index (PAI), in cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans. Settings and Design: A retrospective study with CBCT examinations obtained from a database of a dental imaging center. Materials and Methods: A number of 174 adults' CBCT examinations of both genders were evaluated on the presence of calcifications along the course of the ICA and the number of MT as well as the PAI score. Statistical Analysis Used: The interobserver agreement was assessed by Cohen's kappa. The t-test for independent samples was used to compare the groups presented with or without calcifications. Furthermore, the Pearson's test was used to evaluate whether an association exists between variables that had a statistical difference. Results: The t-test showed a significant difference in the mean age (MA) and the number of MT between patients with and without presence of calcifications along the course of ICA, in both extra- and intracranial segments. The Pearson's correlation test showed a positive correlation between MA, MT, and both ExCICAs' presence and InCICAs' presence. Although the number of MT increases with age, this increment is high in the presence of ExCICA and even higher in the presence of InCICA. Conclusion: We support that not only patients' age but also the number of MT can be predictive for atherosclerosis “signs” presence.


[FULL TEXT] [PDF]*
Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)
 

 Article Access Statistics
    Viewed618    
    Printed28    
    Emailed0    
    PDF Downloaded140    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal